Foto über NBA Symbol im New- Yorkspeicher. Foto am 9. April genommen. Bild von rückseite, tätigkeit, champion - Jerry Alan West (* Mai in Chelyan, West Virginia) ist ein ehemaliger US- amerikanischer Basketballspieler und -trainer. Er spielte zwischen und für die Los Angeles Lakers in der US-Profiliga NBA. des computerbasierten Textsatzes aufgehoben wurde, erhöht sich die Dichte der musikalischen Symbole und Beispiele in den Kritischen Berichten der NBA.
The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities,  as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories.
In , the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until —54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: The process of contraction saw the league's smaller-city franchises move to larger cities.
He remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter , signing with the Washington Capitols in During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan , won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty.
Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in and became a dominant individual star of the s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports.
The s were dominated by the Celtics. This championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in —67 , but regained it in the —68 season and repeated in The domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the s.
Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta , as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises. The leagues engaged in a bidding war.
It incorporates the silhouette of the legendary Jerry West based on a photo by Wen Roberts, although NBA officials denied a particular player as being its influence because, according to Siegel, "They want to institutionalize it rather than individualize it.
It's become such a ubiquitous, classic symbol and focal point of their identity and their licensing program that they don't necessarily want to identify it with one player.
The ABA succeeded in signing a number of major stars in the s, including Julius Erving of the Virginia Squires , in part because it allowed teams to sign college undergraduates.
The NBA expanded rapidly during this period, one purpose being to tie up the most viable cities. From to , the NBA grew from nine franchises to Following the season, the leagues reached a settlement that provided for the addition of four ABA franchises to the NBA, raising the number of franchises in the league at that time to The end of the decade, however, saw declining TV ratings, low attendance and drug-related player issues — both perceived and real — that threatened to derail the league.
The league added the ABA's innovative three-point field goal beginning in to open up the game. That same year, rookies Larry Bird and Magic Johnson joined the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers respectively, initiating a period of significant growth in fan interest in the NBA throughout the country and the world.
In the 10 seasons of the s, Johnson led the Lakers to five titles in eight Finals while Bird led the Celtics to three titles in five Finals.
Also in the early s, the NBA added one more expansion franchise, the Dallas Mavericks , bringing the total to 23 teams. Later on, Larry Bird won the first three three-point shooting contests.
Former league commissioner David Stern , who took office on February 1, , oversaw the expansion and growth of the NBA to a global commodity. Michael Jordan entered the league in with the Chicago Bulls , providing an even more popular star to support growing interest in the league.
This resulted in more cities demanding teams of their own. Jordan and Scottie Pippen led the Bulls to two three-peats in eight years during the —98 seasons.
Hakeem Olajuwon won back-to-back titles with the Houston Rockets in and The team was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame , while 11 of the 12 players on the roster all but Laettner and three of the four coaches have been elected to the Hall of Fame as individuals.
In , the NBA owners began a lockout which lasted days and was settled on January 18, Since the breakup of the Chicago Bulls championship roster in the summer of , the Western Conference has dominated.
The Spurs reclaimed the title in against the Nets. In , the Lakers returned to the Finals , only to lose in five games to the Detroit Pistons.
After the Spurs took home the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy in , the Finals featured two franchises making their inaugural Finals appearances.
The Miami Heat , led by their star shooting guard, Dwyane Wade , and Shaquille O'Neal, who had been traded from the Lakers during summer , won the series over the Dallas Mavericks in six after losing the first two games.
The Finals saw a rematch of the league's highest profile rivalry , the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers , with the Celtics winning, for their 17th championship, thanks to their new big three of Paul Pierce , Ray Allen , and Kevin Garnett.
The Lakers won the title by winning Game 7, 83— Two of which signed, and one resigned, with the Miami Heat, leading to a season that was heavily centered on their eventual success or failure at taking home the championship.
This was the Mavericks' first title. On July 1, , at Their success would continue into the following season, which concluded with their victory over the San Antonio Spurs in the NBA Finals.
The two teams would meet for a rematch in the following year's Finals, where the Spurs defeated the Heat in five games.
Off the court, commissioner David Stern retired on February 1, , exactly 30 years to the day from taking office.
He was succeeded by his deputy, Adam Silver. James led the Cavaliers to their second Finals appearance, where they lost to the Golden State Warriors in six games.
The dominance of those two teams continued in , when the Warriors, having signed Kevin Durant as a free agent, took the third straight Finals matchup between the two teams in five games, with Durant named Finals MVP, and again in when they went to a fourth straight Finals matchup.
The beginning of the season saw a record international players representing 42 different countries marking 4 consecutive years of at least international players and each team having at least one international player .
The Hornets temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City in for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina.
The team returned to New Orleans in A new official game ball was introduced on June 28, , for the —07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons.
However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet. Commissioner Stern announced on December 11, , that beginning January 1, , the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the —07 season.
The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries cuts caused by the microfiber ball. All teams will wear jerseys with the Nike logo except the Charlotte Hornets , whose jerseys will instead have the Jumpman logo associated with longtime Nike endorser Michael Jordan , who owns the Hornets.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI began an investigation on July 19, , over allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games.
Donaghy claimed in that certain referees were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA, and he alleged that referees influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in and NBA commissioner David Stern denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness".
On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the refs toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players.
Following a court case, the city of Seattle settled with the ownership group of the SuperSonics on July 2, , allowing the team to move to Oklahoma City immediately in exchange for terminating the final two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena.
The first outdoor game in the modern era of the league was played at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden on October 11, , between the Phoenix Suns and the Denver Nuggets.
A referee lockout began on September 1, , when the contract between the NBA and its referees expired. The first preseason games were played on October 1, , and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League were used, the first time replacement referees had been used since the beginning of the —96 season.
The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, The first official NBA league games on European ground took place in The —12 NBA season , scheduled to begin November 1, , with a matchup between the defending champion Dallas Mavericks and the Chicago Bulls, was postponed due to a labor dispute.
The lockout officially ended on December 8, , when players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement, and the season began on Christmas Day.
After the —13 season, the New Orleans Hornets renamed themselves the Pelicans. During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte.
As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in , suspended operations in , and resumed in as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a expansion team.
Donald Sterling , who was then-owner of the Los Angeles Clippers , received a lifetime ban from the NBA on April 29, , after racist remarks he made became public.
Becky Hammon was hired by the San Antonio Spurs on August 5, , as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach.
The NBA announced on April 15, , that it would allow all 30 of its member clubs to sell corporate sponsor advertisement patches on official game uniforms, beginning with the —18 season.
The sponsorship advertisement patches would appear on the left front of jerseys, opposite Nike 's logo, marking the first time a manufacturer's logo would appear on NBA jerseys, and would measure approximately 2.
The NBA would become the first major North American professional sports league to allow corporate sponsorship logos on official team uniforms, and the last to have a uniform manufacturer logo appear on its team uniforms.
On July 6, , the NBA unveiled an updated rendition of its logo; it is largely identical to the previous design, except with revised typography and a "richer" color scheme.
The league began to phase in the updated logo across its properties during the NBA Summer League , but it will not immediately be used on equipment or uniforms due to lead time.
The NBA also officially released new Nike uniforms for all 30 teams beginning with the —18 season. The league eliminated "home" and "away" uniform designations.
Instead, each team would have four uniforms: The NBA originated in with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations currently consists of 30 teams.
The United States is home to 29 teams and one is located in Canada. The current league organization divides thirty teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each.
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This article about a basketball video game is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. After his short stint with baseball, Jordan returned to basketball late in the —95 season.
Although he did not lead the Bulls to the Finals, he returned to pre-retirement form the next season while the team acquired perennial rebounding champion Dennis Rodman.
The —96 Bulls finished the regular season 72—10, attaining, at the time, the best regular season record in NBA history. After the Bulls took a 3—0 series lead, Seattle won the next two games after coach George Karl switched point guard Gary Payton onto Jordan, leading to a sixth game.
However, Jordan altered his game to accommodate the advances of Payton, and the Bulls won Game 6 to win their fourth title.
In and , the Bulls met the Utah Jazz in the Finals twice. In both series, Chicago won by hitting winning shots in the sixth game, the first by Steve Kerr in in Chicago, and the second by Jordan in Utah in This saw Chicago winning their sixth NBA championship, and winning their second three-peat.
However, prior to the lockout shortened —99 season, Jackson decided to retire, which set off a chain reaction that resulted in most of the team, including Jordan and Pippen, requesting to leave the Bulls.
With no foundation of youth to build upon, the Bulls became a lottery-bound team for the next six seasons. The Spurs were responsible for winning four championships during this time, in , , , and In Game 6, Duncan was two blocks short of recording the first quadruple-double in NBA Finals history, finishing with 21 points, 20 rebounds, 10 assists, and 8 blocks.
Duncan won the Finals MVP in , and O'Neal won the finals MVP all three times. Their first championship came at the expense of the Indiana Pacers , whom the Lakers defeated in 6 games.
During their postseason run, the Lakers swept their first 3 series and won the Finals in 5 games, finishing with an unprecedented 15—1 record, the best postseason record in NBA history.
Their opponent in the Finals that year were the Philadelphia 76ers , led by Allen Iverson. In the NBA Finals , the Lakers swept the New Jersey Nets , leading almost the entire time in each game; only for a short while after the beginning of Game 4 did the New Jersey Nets gain any significant lead in any game.
Along with Bryant and O'Neal, they formed what many expected to be one of the best teams in NBA history, and were the favorites to win the championship in Now established as one of the premier powerhouses of the East, the Pistons returned to the NBA Finals the following year, before losing to the Spurs in seven games.
It was the first NBA Finals since that had both Western and Eastern Conference champions making their first Finals appearance in franchise history.
The Mavericks won the first two games at home, but the turning point of the series was in Game 3, when the Heat overcame a point deficit with less than 6 minutes left in the fourth quarter to win 98— The comeback was led by Dwyane Wade 's 12 points in the final six minutes and a clutch outside jumpshot by Gary Payton , who was appearing in his third NBA finals.
Miami won all three of their home games, two of which were sparked by fourth quarter comebacks led by Wade; the Heat won their first championship in game six.
The Lakers returned to the finals in , against the Boston Celtics. Renewing the teams' rivalry, this marked the 11th time that these two teams met in the Finals, the last meeting happened in The Lakers bounced back from their loss and returned to the Finals in , where they faced the Orlando Magic , led by Defensive Player of the Year Dwight Howard in The Lakers met the Celtics once again in , trailing 3—2 before winning the last two at home, marking the first time in the history of the Celtics that they lost a Game 7 in the NBA Finals.
He also passed Auerbach'a and National Hockey League coach Scotty Bowman 's record for most titles as head coach in any major American professional sport.
The second appearance by the Heat in the Finals came in , where they were pitted against the Dallas Mavericks in a rematch of the finals from five years earlier.
After the Thunder won Game 1 at home, the Heat won four straight games to win the series 4—1, becoming the first team to win a championship after trailing in three playoff series.
The Spurs went up 3—2 in the series, but the Heat bounced back with a Game 6 victory, notable for a game-tying three-pointer by Ray Allen in the closing seconds of regulation to send the game into overtime.
The game is considered one of the greatest playoff games in NBA history. James was named Finals MVP for the second straight year.
With James limited in Game 1 due to leg cramps, the Spurs ended the game on a 31—9 run, winning the game — The Heat bounced back in Game 2, but that was their only win of the series, as the Spurs won games 3 and 4 in Miami and game 5 at home to win the championship, their first since and the fifth and final title of Duncan's career.
Previously, no two teams have appeared in more than two consecutive finals. In the postseason , the defending champion Spurs were eliminated in the first round while the reigning finalist Heat failed to qualify for the playoffs.
Golden State, spearheaded by MVP Stephen Curry , achieved a 67—15 record and managed to take the West, while the Cavs won the East as James, along with James Jones who played for both the Heat and Cavaliers, made their fifth straight finals appearance — the first two players to do so since the s Celtics.
The Warriors defied conventional wisdom and traditionalist ideas with a small-ball, three-point shooting, fast-paced team.
The Cavs were without star Love due to an injury suffered earlier in the playoffs, and also lost Irving to injury in a Game 1 overtime loss in the NBA Finals.
James rallied the Cavaliers to win Games 2 and 3, but the Warriors won the next three games after coach Steve Kerr made the adjustment of inserting the sixth man Andre Iguodala into the starting lineup in place of center Andrew Bogut , thus achieving the desired small-ball offense.
The Warriors won the title, with Iguodala becoming the first player to win the Finals MVP award without starting a regular season game that season.
During the —16 season , the Warriors broke the record for most wins in a season with a record of 73—9 and Curry won his second straight MVP award, as well as becoming the first unanimous MVP in history and shattering his own record for three-pointers made in a single season by over one hundred in the process.
The Warriors fell to a deficit in the Western Conference Finals against a Kevin Durant -led Oklahoma City Thunder team, but won three straight elimination games to take the series and advance to a second straight Finals.
The Cavaliers finished the season as the top seed in the Eastern Conference and won their first 10 straight playoff games, ultimately defeating the Toronto Raptors 4—2 in the Eastern Conference Finals to ensure the rematch of last year's Finals.
In a key sequence with two minutes remaining in Game 7, LeBron James made a memorable chase-down block on Iguodala to keep the game tied, while Irving hit a 3-point shot a minute later to take the lead.
Cleveland managed to hold on to the lead to win the title and end the city's year championship drought , with James earning his third Finals MVP honor.
In the offseason, the Warriors acquired Durant through free agency. Meanwhile, though the Cavaliers slipped to the second seed going into the playoffs, they only lost one game en route to defeating the Boston Celtics in the Eastern Conference Finals, setting up another match against the Warriors in the NBA Finals.
The Warriors started strong with a lead over the Cavs, eventually winning the series in five games with Durant being named Finals MVP.
The Cavaliers traded away Kyrie Irving in the offseason and continued to change their roster throughout the season, while the Warriors largely remained intact.
Neither Cleveland nor Golden State earned the top playoff seed in the season, and both fell to deficits in their respective Conference Finals, but they both won game 7 in the Conference Finals to ensure the rematch for a fourth consecutive Finals in The statistics below refer to series wins and losses, not individual games won and lost.
For individual game statistics, scroll further downwards. In , the Bobcats later became the second incarnation of the Charlotte Hornets, and retained the history and records of the Hornets organization from to The original Hornets, now renamed the Pelicans, obtained the records during their time in New Orleans and Oklahoma City from to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
List of NBA champions. National Basketball Association portal. Archived from the original on March 26, Retrieved January 22, Magic Fills in at Center".
Retrieved 29 June The greatest game ever played? Retrieved June 20, Warriors in Game 7". Golden State Warriors Finals appearances".
Retrieved from " https: National Basketball Association Finals Recurring sporting events established in establishments in the United States Annual sporting events in the United States June sporting events.
The current divisional alignment was introduced in the —05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: Following the summer break, teams begin training camps in late September.
Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players especially rookies , scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the man active roster and a 3-man inactive list with which they will begin the regular season.
After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. The NBA regular season begins in the last week of October.
During the regular season, each team plays 82 games, 41 each home and away. A team faces opponents in its own division four times a year 16 games.
Each team plays six of the teams from the other two divisions in its conference four times 24 games , and the remaining four teams three times 12 games.
Finally, each team plays all the teams in the other conference twice apiece 30 games. This asymmetrical structure means the strength of schedule will vary between teams but not as significantly as the NFL or MLB.
Over five seasons, each team will have played 80 games against their division 20 games against each opponent, 10 at home, 10 on the road , games against the rest of their conference 18 games against each opponent, 9 at home, 9 on the road , and games against the other conference 10 games against each team, 5 at home, 5 on the road.
The NBA is one of only two of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada in which teams play every other team during the regular season the other being the National Hockey League.
Each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season. From to , the NBA had the distinction of being the only one of the four major leagues in which all teams play every other team.
Fans vote throughout the United States, Canada, and on the Internet , and the top vote-getters in each conference are named captains.
Fan votes determine the rest of the allstar starters. Coaches vote to choose the remaining 14 All-Stars.
Then, the top vote-getters in each conference draft their own team from a player pool of allstars. The top vote-getter in the league eanrs first pick and so forth.
The player with the best performance during the game is rewarded with a Game MVP award. Other attractions of the All-Star break include the Rising Stars Challenge originally Rookie Challenge , where the top rookies and second-year players in the NBA play in a 5-on-5 basketball game, with the current format pitting U.
These other attractions have varying names which include the names of the various sponsors who have paid for naming rights.
Shortly after the All-Star break is the trade deadline , which is set to fall on the 16th Thursday of the season usually in February at 3pm Eastern Time.
Major trades are often completed right before the trading deadline, making that day a hectic time for general managers.
Around the middle of April, the regular season ends. It is during this time that voting begins for individual awards, as well as the selection of the honorary, league-wide, post-season teams.
The Sixth Man of the Year Award is given to the best player coming off the bench must have more games coming off the bench than actual games started.
The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Most Improved Player Award is awarded to the player who is deemed to have shown the most improvement from the previous season.
The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team.
The Most Valuable Player Award is given to the player deemed the most valuable for his team that season.
Additionally, Sporting News awards an unofficial but widely recognized Executive of the Year Award to the general manager who is adjudged to have performed the best job for the benefit of his franchise.
There are three All-NBA teams, consisting of the top players at each position, with first-team status being the most desirable. There are two All-Defensive teams, consisting of the top defenders at each position.
There are also two All-Rookie teams, consisting of the top first-year players regardless of position. The NBA Playoffs begin in late April, with the top eight teams in each conference, regardless of divisional alignment, competing for the Championship.
Seeds are awarded in strict order of regular-season record with a tiebreaker system used as needed.
Having a higher seed offers several advantages. Since the first seed begins the playoffs playing against the eighth seed, the second seed plays the seventh seed, the third seed plays the sixth seed, and the fourth seed plays the fifth seed, having a higher seed means a team faces a weaker team in the first round.
The team in each series with the better record has home court advantage, including the First Round. Before the league changed its playoff determination format for the —07 season, this meant that, for example, if the team that received the 6 seed had a better record than the team with the 3 seed by virtue of a divisional championship , the 6 seed would have home court advantage, even though the other team had a higher seed.
Therefore, the team with the best regular season record in the league is guaranteed home court advantage in every series it plays.
For example, in , the Denver Nuggets won 44 games and captured the Northwest Division and the 3 seed. Their opponent was the 6 seed Los Angeles Clippers , who won 47 games and finished second in the Pacific Division.
Although Denver won its much weaker division, the Clippers had home-court advantage and won the series in 5.
The playoffs follow a tournament format. Each team plays an opponent in a best-of-seven series, with the first team to win four games advancing into the next round, while the other team is eliminated from the playoffs.
In the next round, the successful team plays against another advancing team of the same conference. All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs.
Since the NBA does not re-seed teams, the playoff bracket in each conference uses a traditional design, with the winner of the series matching the 1st and 8th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 4th and 5th seeded teams, and the winner of the series matching the 2nd and 7th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 3rd and 6th seeded teams.
In every round, the best-of-7 series follows a 2—2—1—1—1 home-court pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6.
From to , the NBA Finals followed a 2—3—2 pattern, meaning that one team had home court in games 1, 2, 6, and 7, while the other played at home in games 3, 4, and 5.
The final playoff round, a best-of-seven series between the victors of both conferences, is known as the NBA Finals , and is held annually in June.
Each player and major contributor—including coaches and the general manager—on the winning team receive a championship ring.
The league began using its current format, with the top eight teams in each conference advancing regardless of divisional alignment, in the —16 season.
Previously, the top three seeds went to the division winners. The second most successful franchise is the Los Angeles Lakers , who have 16 overall championships 11 in Los Angeles, 5 in Minneapolis.
The San Antonio Spurs have five championships, all since Current teams that have no NBA Finals appearances:. As one of the major sports leagues in North America, the NBA has a long history of partnerships with television networks in the United States.
Currently in the U. Games that are not broadcast nationally are usually aired over regional sports networks specific to the area where the teams are located.
The National Basketball Association has sporadically participated in international club competitions. This tournament was won by the NBA invitee every year it was held.
It also has the highest share of black viewers with 45 percent of its viewers being black and only about 40 percent of viewers being white , making it the only top North American sport that does not have a white majority audience.
Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league:.
On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Basketball Association of America.
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July Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of foreign NBA players. See the respective team articles for more information.
The Charlotte Hornets are regarded as a continuation of the original Charlotte franchise. Because of this, the New Orleans Pelicans are no longer the same franchise as the original Charlotte Hornets.
The Hornets were known as the Bobcats from — The New Orleans Pelicans were established in The Charlotte Hornets rejoined the league in List of NBA champions.
National Basketball Association on television. List of current National Basketball Association broadcasters.
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Commissioner of the NBA. Basketball portal National Basketball Association portal.
Retrieved March 8, On June 6, two years to the day after the invasion of Normandy, exactly ten months after the first atom bomb fell on Japan-they formed the Basketball Association of America during a meeting at New York's Commodore Hotel, next to Grand Central Station.
Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved June 28, Retrieved June 11, Retrieved 20 May Retrieved April 13, Retrieved July 29, Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved March 30, Archived from the original on November 2, Retrieved July 30, Retrieved January 5, From Set Shot to Slam Dunk.
Retrieved May 23, Retrieved on May 22, Bryant leads Lakers to 15th NBA title". Retrieved August 5, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on August 5, Retrieved October 12, Owners and Players Ratify Labor Deal".
The New York Times. Retrieved December 8, Retrieved June 13, Retrieved July 6, Retrieved December 16, Retrieved January 3, Retrieved April 18, Retrieved July 2, Retrieved June 3, Retrieved August 10, Archived from the original on May 25, Retrieved April 15, Retrieved January 31, Retrieved December 18, Retrieved December 27, Retrieved April 19, They gave it an 8.
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